Five major professional and college recommendations related to robots

Five major professional and college recommendations related to robots
1. Electrical Engineering and Automation
Professional introduction: This major cultivates wide-caliber "composite" advanced engineering technology that can work in the fields of electrical engineering-related systems operation, automatic control, power electronics technology, information processing, test analysis, research and development, economic management, and computer applications. Talent.
Employment prospects: After graduation, you can work in electric power scientific research institutes, electric power planning and design institutes, automated high-tech companies, local power companies, power plants, and non-power enterprise power departments. Can further study in major professional directions such as power system automation, computer application technology, agricultural electrification and automation.
Recommended institutions: Zhejiang University, Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Tianjin University, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Tianjin University of Technology, Tianjin University of Science and Technology

2. Process equipment and control engineering
Professional introduction: This major trains high-level professionals with knowledge in chemical engineering, mechanical engineering, control engineering and management engineering to meet the needs of modern industrial development.
Employment prospects: Mainly engaged in engineering design, technology development, production technology, management and engineering scientific research in chemical, petroleum, energy, light industry, environmental protection, medicine, food, machinery and labor safety departments. The graduates of this major have a high chance of employment, and they are often able to match with the major.

3. Mechanical Engineering and Automation
Professional introduction: This major trains wide-caliber, general-purpose senior engineering and technical personnel who can engage in the design and manufacture, technology development, application research, operation management and marketing of mechanical engineering and automation in the front line of industrial production.
Employment prospects: Engaged in production technology, research and development, engineering construction, administrative management and educational work in enterprises and institutions in the fields of machinery, electronics, metallurgy, petrochemical industry, aerospace, and military industry. The mechanical engineering and automation major is a comprehensive major integrating machinery, electronics, and information technology. It has an advanced knowledge structure, broad adaptability, and great development potential. It is a popular profession with rapid development and huge demand.
Recommended institutions: Xi'an Jiaotong University, Zhejiang University, Tianjin University of Technology, Tianjin University of Technology.

4. Aircraft design and engineering
Professional introduction: This specialty mainly trains the overall design and structural design of space vehicles (including satellites, manned spaceships, space stations, etc.), launch vehicles and missiles, flight dynamics and control system design, and other civil products. Mechatronics and control equipment Senior professional and technical personnel in design, development and research.
Employment prospects: graduates basically enter scientific research and design units and state-owned enterprises, military units, and colleges and universities
Recommended institutions: Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Northwestern Polytechnical University (Admissions Office), Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics

5. Aircraft power engineering
Professional introduction: This specialty trains civil aviation and aviation technical senior technical personnel who meet the needs of civil aviation modernization and internationalization, have a solid theoretical foundation, wide knowledge, and basic engineer training, and have strong hands-on ability and adaptability. .
Employment prospect: Mainly engaged in the overall design, structural design and research, structural strength analysis and testing of aircraft (including spacecraft and launchers), and is engaged in the design and manufacture of general machinery. Due to the rapid development of China's aerospace industry in recent years, graduates majoring in aircraft power engineering developing engines are in short supply every year. Most of the students in aircraft power engineering are engaged in research work in aviation, aerospace, civil aviation and other fields. But many students went to the energy, transportation, pipeline and other departments to show their talents. These national key projects and major projects all rely on core components converted from aerospace engines.
Recommended institutions: Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, China Civil Aviation College, Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Northwestern Polytechnical University
Introduction to courses related to robots
1. The principle of automatic control. Automatic control is the basis of robot movement. Do n’t look at human movement is very simple. To make the robot move harmoniously, a large number of sensors are needed for measurement, calculation and simulation. Finally, adjust the parameters according to this, and perform interference compensation Two kinds of series compensation before and after, etc.
2. Intelligent technology. Mainly learn various expert systems, machine learning, intelligent computing, heuristic search, distributed artificial intelligence, many intelligent algorithms such as ant colony algorithm, neural network.
3. Robotics. Explain the mathematical calculations in robot motion, involving space description, generalized coordinates, transient kinematics, explicit Jacobian matrix (linear algebra basis), stereo vision, trajectory generation, joint space dynamics, Lagrange equations, control science (It is self-control), compliance.
4. MCU development. To allow the robot to move according to its own ideas, it must be written into the program. For less complex robot control, the single-chip computer can fully meet the requirements. Of course, to write the program, you need to be familiar with the programming language of the single-chip computer (C language, assembly language and many more)
5. Motor drag. The movement of the robot is driven by the motor, so in the process of robot design, you need to understand the principle of the motor, demodulation speed, start, electromagnetic relationship.
Of course, to design a high-level robot, only mastering this knowledge is not enough. The design of industrial robots also requires related industry knowledge and their own talents and perceptions.

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